巴勒斯坦:家庭恐遭強制拆遷

巴勒斯坦:家庭恐遭強制拆遷

個案編號:UA 148/10
聲援對象:約旦河谷巴勒斯坦居民
聲援期間:2010年7月1日 - 8月12日

依據以色列佔領軍的命令,在位於約旦河西岸的約旦河谷(Jordan Valley)地區,包括32名兒童在內的83位居民,即將面臨強制拆遷。

近期以色列軍方在巴勒斯坦佔領區發布了一連串的軍事命令,強迫居住在約旦河谷的巴勒斯坦人遷離,並拆毀他們的房屋。這些村莊座落於面積占約旦河西岸60%的「C區(Area C)」。該區域完全處於以色列的控制之下,當地的巴勒斯坦居民不論興建或拆除房屋都受到嚴格限制。

6月24日,以色列軍官在兵力戒護下到達約旦河谷北部的'Ein al-Hilwe村落,向村內兩戶至少15人的家庭,包括5名孩童,送達強迫搬遷的命令,要求他們在24小時內離開當地。前一天,在鄰近的村莊'Ein al-Beida,一棟興建中的畜舍接到拆除命令,因為它沒有得到以色列核發的建築許可。

6月27日,佔領軍向住在約旦河谷al-Farisiya地區的15戶人家、共68人發佈了11道搬遷令,命令這些居民在24小時之內永久遷離當地。上個月,這些家庭才剛依照慣例於夏天暫時遷離,預計九月回來。往年在約旦河谷的其他村落,以色列軍隊也曾經趁著居民夏季離開時摧毀其房舍和其他財產。根據巴勒斯坦馬安(Ma'an)通訊社的報導,以色列軍方發言人表示,al-Farisiya居民的房舍位於「軍事禁區」內,因此發出搬遷命令。

以色列當局發佈這些命令前,並未諮詢當地’Ein al-Hilwe、 'Ein al-Beida與al-Farisiya等受影響社區的意見,也沒有提供任何替代住房或補償這些家庭的損失。這些家庭只好趕著牲畜到親朋好友處尋求庇護。破壞他們的畜欄,可能會毀了他們的生計。

請立刻寫信表達下列訴求(可用希伯來文、英文或母語):

  • 對於83位居民面臨強迫拆遷表示關切,呼籲以色列當局立刻撤銷拆遷命令;
  • 約旦河谷及其他巴勒斯坦佔領區內的土地規劃和營建管理權責,應該從以色列軍方的手中收回,交由當地巴勒斯坦居民自主決定;
  • 呼籲當局暫停約旦河西岸的一切拆遷行動,直到以色列法律依照國際人權標準完成修正。

寫信對象:

[ 國防部長 ]
Minister of Defence
Ehud Barak
37 Kaplan Street, Hakirya
Tel Aviv 61909,
Israel
Fax: +972 3 691 6940/696 2757
Email: minister@mod.gov.il
稱謂:親愛的部長
   
[ 軍法首長 ]
Military Judge Advocate General
Brigadier General Avihai Mandelblit
6 David Elazar Street
Hakirya, Tel Aviv,
Israel
Fax: +972 3 569 4526/608 0366
Email: avimn@idf.gov.il
Salutation: Judge Advocate General
稱謂:親愛的總長
   
請寄副本至該國駐台代表處。

背景說明

多年來,以色列執行一套歧視性的房屋拆遷政策,在違反國際法的狀況下,在巴勒斯坦佔領區土地上建立大量的屯墾區。以色列當局沒收巴勒斯坦人的土地,拒絕核發建築許可給巴勒斯坦人,並且摧毀他們的房舍。因此而空出來的土地,常被用來設立以色列人的屯墾區。根據國際法,佔領國不得將本國公民移居到被其佔領的領土。

以色列當局經常無預警執行拆除房屋的命令,以致於巴勒斯坦居民沒有機會搶救自己的財產並及時找到容身之處。聯合國估計,大約4千8百件拆遷令正等候審查,其中許多是針對「C區」。在約旦河西岸的C區,以色列完全掌控土地規劃與營建管理的權力。當地大約15萬的巴勒斯坦居民,在以色列佔領軍的土地規劃體系中,完全無法表達意見。巴勒斯坦居民不僅無法參與事前的規劃過程,就連事後要對拆遷命令提出抗議都苦無管道。約旦河谷的巴勒斯坦村民們,更背負特別沉重的壓力,因為當地大部分地區都被以色列軍方劃為「軍事禁區」,或被大約36個以色列屯墾區佔據。在「軍事禁區」內,巴勒斯坦居民要興建或改建房屋都是不可能被許可的。

根據以色列的軍法規定,被拆遷的家戶無權要求替代住房或補償,所以如果沒有親戚朋友與慈善機構的幫助,許多家庭將面臨無家可歸與貧窮的困境。除了民房外,以色列當局也發佈命令拆除巴勒斯坦人的學校、診所、道路、儲水設施、高壓電塔,以及畜舍。更多資訊請見國際特赦組織於2010年6月發布的調查報告。(http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE15/006/2010/en/4c288ea4-d524-45e4-a583-b5d295880dde/mde150062010eng.pdf).


URGENT ACTION:PALESTINIAN FAMILIES FACING FORCED EVICTIONEighty-three people, including 32 children, are facing imminent forced eviction and destruction of their property in the Jordan Valley area of the occupied West Bank following military orders from the Israeli authorities.A recent spate of military orders has marked a renewed effort by the Israeli military in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) to evict Palestinians living in the northern Jordan Valley area of the West Bank and to destroy their property. These villages lie within the 60 per cent of the West Bank designated as "Area C", which is completely under Israeli control; Palestinians living there face severe restrictions on building and destruction of their property.

On 24 June, Israeli military officials, accompanied by soldiers, served eviction orders to two families consisting of 15 people, five of them children, living in the village of 'Ein al-Hilwe in the northern Jordan Valley. The families were told they had 24 hours to leave the area. A day earlier, a demolition order was served against a structure for housing livestock, still under construction, in the nearby village of 'Ein al-Beida, as it had not been given an Israeli-issued building permit.

On 27 June, military authorities handed out 11 eviction orders to 15 families, consisting of 68 people, in the al-Farisiya area of the Jordan Valley. Residents were given just 24 hours to permanently leave the area. The families temporarily left the area last month as part of their usual seasonal migration in the summer months and planned to return to their homes in September. In the past the Israeli army has destroyed homes and other property in other Jordan Valley villages while the residents have been absent during the summer. According to the Palestinian Ma'an News Agency, a spokesperson from the Israeli military authority said the evictions in al-Farisiya were ordered because the homes are in a "closed military zone".

There has been no consultation with the affected communities in 'Ein al-Hilwe, 'Ein al-Beida or al-Farisiya and the Israeli authorities have not offered any alternative housing or compensation for losses to the families. They must rely on family and friends to provide shelter for them and their livestock. They risk losing their livelihood if their animal pens are destroyed.

PLEASE WRITE IMMEDIATELY in Hebrew, English or your own language:

  • Expressing concern that 83 people are in danger of forced eviction or having their homes and properties demolished, and calling on the Israeli authorities to immediately cancel the eviction and demolition orders;
  • Calling for the responsibility for planning and building regulations in the Jordan Valley and elsewhere in the Occupied Palestinian Territories to be removed from the Israeli military authorities and placed solely with the local Palestinian communities;
  • Calling on the authorities to place a moratorium on house demolitions and evictions in the West Bank until the law is amended to bring it into line with international standards.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 12 AUGUST 2010 TO:

Minister of Defence
Ehud Barak
37 Kaplan Street, Hakirya
Tel Aviv 61909,
Israel
Fax: +972 3 691 6940/696 2757
Email: minister@mod.gov.il
Salutation: Dear Minister
   
Military Judge Advocate General
Brigadier General Avihai Mandelblit
6 David Elazar Street
Hakirya, Tel Aviv,
Israel
Fax: +972 3 569 4526/608 0366
Email: avimn@idf.gov.il
Salutation: Judge Advocate General
   
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.
Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

For years Israel has pursued a policy of discriminatory house demolition, allowing scores of Israeli settlements, illegal under international law, to be built on occupied Palestinian land, while confiscating Palestinian lands, refusing building permits for Palestinians and destroying their homes. The land vacated has often been used to build illegal Israeli settlements. International law forbids occupying powers from settling their own citizens in the territories they occupy.

House demolitions are generally carried out without warning of the date, giving no opportunity for Palestinians to salvage their possessions or find elsewhere to shelter. The UN has estimated that some 4,800 demolition orders are pending, many of which are in Area C. In Area C in the West Bank, Israel has complete control over planning and construction and the around 150,000 Palestinians living there lack representation at all levels of the Israeli military planning system. Not only are there no Palestinian representatives on the planning institutions, but even the ability of Palestinian residents to submit objections to eviction and demolition are very limited. Palestinians, especially Palestinian villagers in the Jordan Valley, have suffered particular pressure. Most of the Jordan Valley area of the occupied West Bank has been declared a "closed military zone" by the Israeli army or has been taken over by some 36 Israeli settlements. In a "closed military zone" there is effectively no possibility for Palestinian construction and development.

Under Israeli military law, evicted families are not entitled to alternative housing or compensation, meaning many would face homelessness and destitution were it not for relatives, friends and charities. While homes are often targeted, Israeli authorities have also issued demolition orders against Palestinian schools, clinics, roads, water cisterns, electricity pylons, sheds and animal shelters. For more information, see Amnesty International's As safe as houses? Israel's demolition of Palestinian homes (Index: MDE 15/006/2010), issued in June 2010 (http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE15/006/2010/en/4c288ea4-d524-45e4-a583-b5d295880dde/mde150062010eng.pdf).

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