台灣廢除死刑再次嚴重倒退

國際特赦組織公開聲明
2010年6月3日|AI INDEX: ASA 38/003/2010

國際特赦組織對於台灣大法官會議不受理44位死刑犯的釋憲申請案深表遺憾。該案是由台灣廢除死刑推動聯盟提出,主張死刑違反憲法以及《公民與政治權利國際公約》。

國際特赦組織認為死刑是一種極端殘忍、不人道與貶抑人格的刑罰,也是對生命權的侵犯。

 

國際特赦組織敦促台灣政府停止執行死刑,並採取具體步驟,實踐其宣稱廢除死刑為終極目標的承諾。

 

大法官會議於5月28日發佈的不受理決議中,對於台灣自願受其拘束的《公民與政治權利國際公約》和其他國際標準僅一語帶過。根據這些國際標準,死刑案件審理過程的每一個階段,都必須符合公正審判的最嚴格標準。

 

大法官會議駁回了律師團提出的下列主張:


a) 現行法律未充分保障被告得到有效的法律辯護,特別是在第三審階段,因此違反《公民與政治權利國際公約》(第14條)關於公正審判的保障措施。
b) 法院量刑的適當性,沒有機會得到充分的辯論,因此可能導致任意處決(arbitrary executions),違反《公民與政治權利國際公約》(第6條)。

國際特赦組織認為,上述各項主張應得到徹底的審查,因為在不適當、不公正的審判程序下,任何處決都將是對生命權的侵犯。

重啟死刑執行,已使台灣政府與全球趨勢脫軌。全世界已有三分之二以上的國家在法律上或實踐上廢除死刑,2009年已知曾執行死刑的國家只剩下18個。


詢問詳情,請聯絡Catherine Baber副主任,電話(香港):+852 2385 8319 或 +852 9103 7183.
www.amnesty.org

[ENGLISH]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
Public Statement

AI INDEX: ASA 38/003/2010
3 June 2010

 

TAIWAN: Abolition of the Death Penalty in Taiwan: a Further Serious Setback

 

Amnesty International is deeply disappointed that Taiwan’s Constitutional Court has rejected a petition to halt executions made on behalf of 44 death row inmates. The petition, filed by the Taiwan Alliance to End the Death Penalty (TAEDP), argued that Taiwan’s application of the death penalty was unconstitutional and violated the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

 

Amnesty International considers the death penalty the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and a violation of the right to life.

 

Amnesty International urges the government of Taiwan not to carry out executions and to make concrete progress towards its long stated goal to abolish the death penalty.

 

The brief decision published on 28 May by the Justices of the Constitutional Court made scant reference to the ICCPR and other international standards Taiwan has chosen to be bound by. These standards require that proceedings leading to the imposition of the death penalty must at every stage conform to the highest fair trial standards.

 

The Justices rejected lawyers’ arguments that under current Taiwan law
a) provisions for legal representation, particularly at the final stage trials, are inadequate, and violate fair trial guarantees in the ICCPR (article 14).


b) opportunities to debate appropriate sentencing during trials are inadequate and could lead to arbitrary executions violating the ICCPR (article 6).

 

Amnesty International believes such arguments deserve the most careful scrutiny as executions following inadequate, unfair trials would certainly violate the right to life.

 

By resuming executions the government in Taiwan is out of step with global trends. Across the world, more than two thirds of countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice and in 2009 only 18 countries were known to have carried out executions.

 

ENDS/

Public Document

****************************************
For more information please contact Catherine Baber, Deputy Programme Director at +852 2385 8319 or +852 9103 7183.
www.amnesty.org

本系統已提升網路傳輸加密等級,IE8及以下版本將無法支援。為維護網路交易安全性,請升級或更換至右列其他瀏覽器。