UA 244/07 埃及——捍衛人權的非政府組織遭打壓

UA 244/07 埃及——捍衛人權的非政府組織遭打壓

9月16日,開羅市政府官員打算強行關閉一個市區內的非政府組織——「人權暨法律援助聯盟」(the Association of Human Rights and Legal Aid,簡稱AHRLA)。當局此舉侵犯了集會結社自由,亦使遭刑求者無法獲得有用的咨詢與法律援助。

On 16 September, Cairo city government officials are expected to close a non-governmental organization, the Association of Human Rights and Legal Aid (AHRLA), which is based in the city. By closing down AHRLA, the authorities are violating freedom of association and preventing torture victims from receiving valuable independent advice and legal aid.

AHRLA事前已被通知因違反2002年頒布的Article 17(2) of Law 84(禁止未經政府許可情況下接受外國捐款)將被關閉;如此控告先前曾被當局用來壓制人權捍衛人士。解散AHRLA意味著其資產將遭扣押、負責人將被起訴。
The AHRLA has been told it will be closed for breaching Article 17(2) of Law 84 of 2002, which prohibits the receipt of foreign funds without the government's permission. Such charges have previously been used by the authorities as an attempt to silence human rights defenders. The decision to dissolve AHRLA means that its assets will be seized and criminal charges brought against its director.

當局決定關閉AHRLA似乎與其援助被刑求者與揭露埃及政府違反人權一事相關。該聯盟向來一直為此類受害者提供法律咨詢,特別是被監禁在警局或其他拘留所期間遭到刑求的受害人,並代表他們出庭。其中一位政治犯是Mohamed Abdelkader al-Sayyed,他的親屬在他於2003年死於獄中後向AHRLA求援。Mohamed Abdelkader al-Sayyed相信是死於刑求或虐待——行兇的是一位「國家安全調查局」(State Security Investigations services,簡稱SSI)官員。然SSI官員被允許這麼做卻不用接受懲罰。儘管法院報告指出,Mohamed Abdelkader al-Sayyed死時身上的傷乃遭硬物擊中,並暴露在高溫中或遭電擊而留下的,該位須負責的SSI官員卻於2007年9月5日經「開羅刑事法院」(Cairo criminal court)宣告無罪後開釋。
The decision to close the AHRLA appears to be linked to its support for victims of torture and exposure of human rights violations in Egypt. The Association has been providing legal advice to victims of such violations, in particular to those who have been tortured while in custody at police stations or other detention centres, including by representing them before Egyptian courts. One of these victims is political detainee Mohamed Abdelkader al-Sayyed, whose relatives came to the AHRLA for advice after he died in police custody in 2003. The circumstances of his death suggest that torture or other ill-treatment led or contributed to his death at the hands of an officer of the State Security Investigations (SSI) services. SSI officers have been allowed to commit serious human rights violations with impunity. Despite a forensic report stating that the injuries to the body of Mohamed Abdelkader al-Sayyed at the time of his death were consistent with injuries that can be sustained by being hit by solid objects and by exposure to high temperature or electric shocks, the SSI officer who was allegedly responsible for his death was acquitted by a Cairo criminal court on 5 September 2007.

關閉AHRLA的警訊始於於2007年8月14日, 當「社會團結部」(Ministry of Social Solidarity。負責管理非政府組織)以”安全”為由, 駁回了「工會暨人事中心」(Centre for Trade Unions and Human Affairs)登記的申請數週後. 該中心從前稱為「工會暨勞工服務中心」(Centre for Trade Union and Workers Services)於2007年4月遭關閉.。這些事件的發展時值埃及的人權組織期盼法令的修正,因原有法令將進一步以安全為由透過陸續增訂的行政措施來限制並控制非政府組織的活動。
The alarming attack against AHRLA comes a few weeks after the Ministry of Social Solidarity, which is responsible for regulating non-governmental organizations, citing “security reasons” in its refusal on 14 August 2007 to officially register the Centre for Trade Unions and Human Affairs (formerly known as the Centre for Trade Union and Workers Services, whose offices were closed in April 2007). Such worrying developments happen at a time when Egyptian human rights organizations await amendments to the law, which may further restrict and control their activities through increased administrative measures, purportedly for security reasons.

背景資料

未經許可情況下接受外國捐款的控告, 過去也被用來嚇阻人權捍衛人士:Hafez Abu Seada,「埃及人權組織」(Egyptian Organization for Human Rights)秘書長,以及Saad Eddin Ibrahim,「Ibn Khaldun發展研究中心」(Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies)主任,分別於1998年、2000年遭到控告,隨後皆無罪開釋。埃及政府嚴格限制非政府組織接受外國捐款, 這件事已經聯合國「經濟、社會與文化權利委員會」(Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)揭露,與於1999年頒布、現已廢止的Law 153相關。此外,2002年11月,「聯合國人權委員會」(UN Human Rights Committee)亦對此事表達類似的關切,並要求埃及政府「重新檢討該法律與其實施狀況,以使非政府組織能自主發展, 不致因政府違反「公民權利和政治權利國際公約」(International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,簡稱 ICCPR)第22條款, 設定各種收受捐款的障礙而受到阻擾。

BACKGROUND INFORMATIONC

harges of receiving foreign funds without authorization were brought against other human rights defenders in the past in an attempt to intimidate them. Hafez Abu Seada, Secretary General of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, and Saad Eddin Ibrahim, Director of the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies, were charged with receiving foreign funds without the authorities’ permission, in 1998 and 2000 respectively. Both were later acquitted by the courts. Criticism of the strict regulations on foreign funding of NGOs in Egypt has been expressed by the UN Committee for Economic Social and Cultural Rights in relation to the now defunct Association Law (Law 153 of 1999). In addition, in November 2002, the UN Human Rights Committee expressed similar concerns and called on Egypt to “review its legislation and practice in order to enable non-governmental organizations to undertake their attributions without obstacles which are inconsistent with provisions of article 22 of the Covenant [the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, ICCPR], such as prior approval, control of funding and administrative dissolution.”

建議寫信內容:請儘快於10月26日前,將此信用英文或是您的語言寄出。 RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible, in Arabic, English or your own language:

1. 對當局關閉AHRLA、中止其援助刑求與虐待受害者之舉表達關切之意。
- expressing concern over the measures taken in order to close down the AHRLA and halt its activities in support of victims of torture and other ill-treatment;

2. 呼籲埃及政府立即撤銷解散AHRLA的決定,與強加在AHRLA上的規範。准許AHRLA為捍衛人權提供所需的援助。
- calling on the Egyptian authorities to immediately rescind any decisions to dissolve AHRLA and lift any other restrictions imposed on it to allow the Association to provide much needed assistance in defence of human rights;

3. 力促當局重視AHRLA作為一自由組織的權利,一如「聯合國人權捍衛者宣言」(UN Declaration on HRDs)、「非洲人權宣言」(African Charter on Human and People’s Rights)、「公民權利和政治權利國際公約」(International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)中所明載的。
- urging the authorities to respect AHRLA’s right to free association as set out in the UN Declaration on HRDs, the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

*信件請寄:APPEALS TO:

社會團結部部長
Dr. Ali El-Sayed Al-Moselhi
Minister of Social Solidarity
Fax: +20 22 7956387
Salutation: Dear Minister
稱謂:部長鈞鑒

開羅省省長
Governor Dr. Abd Elazem Morsy Wazir
Cairo Governorate7 Gomhoreya Square - Abdeen
Fax: +20 22 391 1335
Salutation: Dear Governor
稱謂:省長鈞鑒

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