以色列摧毀巴勒斯坦家屋

以色列摧毀巴勒斯坦家屋

個案編號:UA 163/10
聲援對象:約旦河谷的巴勒斯坦居民
聲援日期:2010年7月21日 – 9月1日

以色列當局在7月19日拆毁了約旦河西岸al-Farisiy地區的74棟建築物,其中26棟為民房。這些建築物屬於21戶巴勒斯坦籍家庭所有,共有107人居住其中,包括52位兒童。村民們賴以維生的農業設施也遭到拆毀。

7月19日清晨,以色列軍方人員來到位於al-Farisiya地區的Hmayyir和‘Ein Ghaza兩個村落,將居民的家屋和工作場所拆毁。

Hmayyir村在遭到拆除之前,曾在6月27日收到軍方發出的11份搬遷命令。但是,在同樣位於al-Farisiya地區的‘Ein Ghazal村,兩戶人家的所有建物遭到拆除之前,並沒有收到搬遷命令。

這些被強迫拆遷的居民,大多自從1970年代即居住在此。由於大多數的居民在執行拆遷時不在現場,在場的居民也沒有被給予充分的時間收拾財物,以致他們喪失了許多私人物品和農業用具。在al-Farisiya地區,大部分居民有季節性遷移的習慣,他們通常在夏季離開,直到九月才回來。

被拆毀的建築物中,包括一座沒有收到搬遷命令的農具倉庫;26頂人居帳篷;10間公用廁所;22座畜欄;七個烤爐;8間廚房及廚房器具。此外,至少4座儲水槽、2噸飼料和0.6噸食用小麥遭到破壞。4棵樹被拔除,包括1棵無花果樹。

六月間收到拆遷命令的還包括:位於約旦河谷(Jordan Valley)北部Ein al-Hilwe村的2戶人家,住有10名成人和5名兒童;以及鄰近的‘Ein al-Beida村中的一座畜欄。雖然暫仍安好,但隨時可能遭到拆除。

請立刻寫信表達下列訴求(可用您的母語):

  • 譴責在al-Farisiya地區摧毀家屋和農舍的行為;
  • 要求立即撤銷所有尚未執行的,針對約旦河谷(Jordan Valley)巴勒斯坦居民的拆遷命令;
  • 呼籲有關當局暫停在約旦河西岸(West Bank)拆除房屋和強迫搬遷的行動,直到相關法律依據國際標準修正;
  • 呼籲將約旦河谷的規劃與營建管理權責,完全移交給當地的巴勒斯坦社區。

寄信對象:

[ 以色列國防部長 ]
Minister of Defence
Ehud Barak
37 Kaplan Street, Hakirya
Tel Aviv 61909,
Israel
Fax: +972 3 691 6940/696 2757
Email: minister@mod.gov.il
稱謂: 部長閣下 (Dear Minister)
   
[ 以色列國防部軍法處 ]
Military Judge Advocate General
Brigadier General Avihai Mandelblit
6 David Elazar Street
Hakirya, Tel Aviv,
Israel
Fax: +972 3 569 4526/608 0366
Email: avimn@idf.gov.il
稱謂: 軍法處長閣下 (Judge Advocate General)
   
並請將信件副本寄給:
   
[ 駐臺北以色列經濟文化辦事處 ]
甘若飛代表 (REPRESENTATIVE MR. RAPHAEL GAMZOU)
110台北市基隆路1段333號2408室
電話: (02)2757-9692
傳真: (02)2757-7247
Email: represent-sec@taipei.org.il  

背景說明

與約旦河谷其他地區不同,Hmayyir和Ein Ghazal這兩個村落以往未曾遭到拆除。 2010年4月間,聯合國人道事務協調辦公室(OCHA)前往訪視,發現有16戶人家,共計85位居民。此後,又有5個家庭遷入該地。此次拆除行動令人加深憂慮──以色列政府採取這一連串舉動,可能是企圖將巴勒斯坦居民徹底逐出約旦河西岸「C區」的一種策略。該區域的土地規劃和營建管理,完全由以色列當局控制。大約15萬巴勒斯坦居民,在以色列軍方掌控的規劃體系中,沒有任何參與管道。他們不僅無法派代表參與事前的規劃,就連要對搬遷和拆除行動提出申訴,也受到很大的限制。約旦河谷的巴勒斯坦聚落,比其他地區遭受更大的壓力。西岸的約旦河谷地區,大部分已被以色列軍方宣佈為「軍事禁區(closed military zone)」,或遭到36個以色列屯墾區佔據。在「軍事禁區」中,巴勒斯坦居民想要進行任何建設和開發,都不可能獲准。根據以色列報紙《Ha’aretz》報導,7月19日以色列軍方在西岸的拆除行動是政府下令的,目的是在「C區」加強掃蕩被當局認定為「非法」的建築物。

在此同時,據媒體報導,以色列軍方在7月18日又發出10件拆除命令,目標是Bardala地區的巴勒斯坦農民。Bardala也位於約旦河谷,屬於約旦河西岸以色列佔領區的「B區」。這裡的土地規劃與營建管理,本來應該由巴勒斯坦自治政府(the Palestinian Authority)管轄。7月15日,約旦河西岸的希伯倫(Hebron)地區有2棟房屋被拆除。7月13日,在包括Jabal al-Mukabbir在內的東耶路撒冷(East Jerusalem),有6間民房被破壞,影響到2個家庭的21位居民。聯合國人道事務協調辦公室(OCHA)指出,2010年迄今,至少已有198棟巴勒斯坦建築物被拆毁,導致近300名巴勒斯坦人遭到強迫搬遷,其中一半是兒童,還有另外大約600人受到間接影響。

UA: 163/10 Index: MDE 15/015/2010 Issue Date: 21 July 2010


URGENT ACTION:FAMILY HOMES DESTROYEDThe Israeli authorities destroyed 74 structures, of which 26 were family homes, in the al-Farisiya area of the Jordan Valley in the West Bank on 19 July. The structures belonged to 21 Palestinian families and housed 107 people, including 52 children. Agricultural buildings supporting the villagers’ livelihood were also demolished.During the morning of 19 July, Israeli military officials arrived in the villages of Hmayyir and ‘Ein Ghazal, in the area of al-Farisiya, to carry out the destruction of the inhabitants’ homes and livelihood.The destruction in Hmayyir follows the issuing by the military authorities of 11 eviction orders in the village on 27 June. By contrast, structures belonging to two households in ‘Ein Ghazal, also in the area of al-Farisiya, were demolished although they had not been served with eviction orders prior to the destruction.

Many of the families, who have lived in the area since the 1970s, have also lost many of their personal belongings and agricultural equipment since the majority of the villagers were not present at the time and those who were there were not given time to remove everything before the properties were demolished. Most of the residents of al-Farisiya were temporarily away from the area when the demolitions took place as part of their usual seasonal migration in the summer months but were planning to return to their homes in September.

Among the property destroyed was a store for agricultural equipment for which no eviction order had been served; 26 residential tents; 10 separate washrooms; 22 animal barracks; seven ovens; and eight kitchens including kitchen utensils. In addition at least four water tanks were damaged as were some two tons of fodder and 0.6 tons of wheat (for human consumption). Four trees were also uprooted including a fig tree.

In June, eviction notices were also served on two families consisting of 10 adults and five children in ‘Ein al-Hilwe in the northern Jordan Valley and on a structure being constructed to house livestock, in the nearby village of ‘Ein al-Beida. Although not yet destroyed, they could be at any time.

PLEASE WRITE IMMEDIATELY in your own language:

  • Condemning the demolition of the homes and agricultural buildings in the al-Farisiya area;
  • Urging that all pending demolition and eviction orders against Palestinians in the Jordan Valley be immediately rescinded;
  • Calling on the authorities to place a moratorium on house demolitions and forced evictions in the West Bank until the law is amended to bring it into line with international standards;
  • Calling for responsibility for planning and building regulations in the Jordan Valley to be placed solely with the local Palestinian communities.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 1 SEPTEMBER 2010 TO:

Minister of Defence
Ehud Barak
37 Kaplan Street, Hakirya
Tel Aviv 61909,
Israel
Fax: +972 3 691 6940/696 2757
Email: minister@mod.gov.il
Salutation: Dear Minister
   
Military Judge Advocate General
Brigadier General Avihai Mandelblit
6 David Elazar Street
Hakirya, Tel Aviv,
Israel
Fax: +972 3 569 4526/608 0366
Email: avimn@idf.gov.il
Salutation: Judge Advocate General
   
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.
Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date.  

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Unlike many other areas of the Jordan Valley, the communities of Hmayyir and Ein Ghazal had not experienced demolitions in the past. A visit to them in April by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) found that there were 16 households consisting of 85 people living there. Since that time five new households have moved into the area. These demolitions intensify concerns that this is part of an Israeli government strategy to remove the Palestinian population from the area of the West Bank known as “Area C”, over which Israel has complete control in terms of planning and construction. The estimated 150,000 Palestinians living there lack representation at all levels of the Israeli military planning system. Not only are there no Palestinian representatives in the planning institutions, but even the ability of Palestinian residents to submit objections to eviction and demolition is very limited. Palestinians, especially Palestinian villagers in the Jordan Valley, have suffered particular pressure. Most of the Jordan Valley area of the occupied West Bank has been declared a “closed military zone” by the Israeli army or has been taken over by some 36 Israeli settlements. In a “closed military zone” there is effectively no possibility for Palestinian construction and development. The Israeli newspaper Ha’aretz reported on 19 July that the Israeli military authorities in the West Bank are acting on government orders to intensify its enforcement against what they deem to be “illegal” building in Area C.

Meanwhile, media reports state that on 18 July 10 demolition orders were issued by the Israeli military authorities against Palestinian farmers in the Bardala area also in the Jordan Valley. Bardala lies in a part of the Israeli-occupied West Bank designated as “Area B” in which the Palestinian Authority is meant to have jurisdiction over planning and construction. On 15 July, two buildings near Hebron in the West Bank were destroyed. On July 13, six homes were demolished in East Jerusalem including in Jabal al-Mukabbir, affecting two families consisting of 21 people. According to UN OCHA, at least 198 Palestinian structures have been demolished since the beginning of 2010, resulting in the forced displacement of almost 300 Palestinians, half of them children, while 600 others have been otherwise affected.

UA: 163/10 Index: MDE 15/015/2010 Issue Date: 21 July 2010

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