埃及|俄籍人士被拘留

埃及|俄籍人士被拘留

個案編號:UA 307/09
聲援對象:Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev(男,32歲,印古什族)
聲援期間:2009年11月13日 – 12月25日

Ibrahim Zautdinovich mankiev, 一位俄國籍印古什(Ingush)族人士,已從11月10日開始被拘留於埃及。據信他被國家安全調查局(State Security Investigations, SSI)拘留於埃及北部濱海城市亞歷山卓(Alexandria)。當事人可能遭到酷刑或虐待,並且可能被埃及當局強制遣返俄羅斯。

Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev和他的妻子Maret Mankieva是在11月10日為了更新護照而前往蘇俄領事館之後遭到拘留。他們二人當時離開領事館後,兩位便衣警員跟上來,對Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev加以毆打後,將他們夫妻逮捕。警方沒有出示逮捕命令,也沒有說明逮捕的理由。他們先被帶到一間警局,然後又被送到位於亞歷山卓市的另一棟警方建築物(可能是國安調查局的拘留所)。他們被蒙住雙眼,隔離監禁。

安全局人員告訴當事人妻子Maret Mankieva,她與她先生已被當局監控中,命令她帶他們去她家。在當局人員陪同離開之前,她被准予有5分鐘時間可以探視先生。根據她向國際特赦組織表示,她看到她先生的腿部被繩索綁住,雙手被銬,而且頭部及臉上正流著血。之後,安全局人員搜索他們的家並且沒收了幾項私人文件。搜索結束後,當局人員讓Maret Mankieva留在家裡,但仍然沒有釋放她的先生。從那時起,當局不准Maret Kankieva前去探視或送交衣物給她先生,甚至否認拘留當事人。當局沒有指控他任何具體罪名。11月11日,俄國副領事告訴Maret Mankieva說,她的先生仍被拘留,但不准任何人去探視。

繼今年5月間一波針對外籍學生的逮捕行動(被捕者包括36位俄籍學生)後,今年6月起碼又有6位俄籍人士被埃及政府強制出境。國際特赦組織因此特別關切Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev是否將被強行遣返俄國。如果被遣返,他將面臨遭到任意拘禁及酷刑虐待的危險。

請立即寫信表達下列訴求(可用阿拉伯文、英文或母語):

  • 要求埃及當局立即公佈Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev的下落,讓他會見自己選任的律師、領事官員、家屬,並得到所需的醫療照護;
  • 要求有關當局確保他不會受到酷刑或虐待。
  • 呼籲有關當局立即釋放Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev,除非立即以法定罪名將他起訴,並給予他符合國際標準的公正審判;
  • 要求內政部長不得強制遣返Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev或其他俄籍人士,以免他們回國後面臨酷刑或虐待的危險。

請在12月25日前寄聲援信給:

[內政部長]
Habib Ibrahim El Adly
Ministry of the Interior
25 El Sheikh Rihan Street
Bab al-Louk, Cairo,
Egypt
Fax: +20 22 796 0682
Email: moi@idsc.gov.eg
稱謂: 親愛的部長先生 (Dear Minister)
   
[檢察總長]
Abd El-Megeed Mahmoud
Dar al-Qadha al-'Ali
Ramses Street, Cairo,
Egypt
Fax: +20 22 577 4716
稱謂: 親愛的檢察總長 (Dear Counsellor)
   
副本請寄:
[主管人權事務的外交部副助理部長]
Wael Abu al-Magd
Human Rights and International Humanitarian and Social Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Corniche al-Nil, Cairo,
Egypt
Fax: +20 22 574 9713
   
另請將副本寄給埃及政府派駐貴國的外交代表。

背景資訊

Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev和Maret Mankieva已在埃及居住了三年。他們是為了逃離俄羅斯當局對穆斯林的騷擾。他居住於埃及時,仍繼續學習著伊斯蘭教並且申請就讀大學的伊斯蘭研究課程。俄羅斯駐埃及領事館顯然無法更新Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev的護照,聲稱他們找不到他的登記資料。

6月19日,遭到便衣警察逮捕的俄籍人士Maskhud Abdullaev(5月27日被捕)和Akhmed Azimov被強制從埃及首都開羅(Cairo)遣返回俄國首都莫斯科(Moscow)。返抵俄國後,Akhmed Azimov經訊問幾小時後獲釋,但Maskhud Abdullae(他的父親是某車臣武裝團體的領袖)則從此下落不明,直至6月29日車臣電視台播出訪問他的畫面,其中他說自己是「自願返回車臣拜訪親友,了解當地生活實況」。不過,Maskhud Abdullaev是否是在自由意願下回到車臣,令人懷疑。人權團體也表示擔憂,懷疑Maskhud Abdullaev是被車臣安全單位拘留,以便向他的父親施壓,或者作為宣傳工具。直到人權團體介入後,Maskhud Abdullae才得以離開車臣回到亞塞拜然(Azerbaijan)與家人重聚。

6月18日,另外四位俄籍人士被埃及驅逐出境,一抵達俄國便被拘留,經過訊問後才被釋放。國際特赦組織經常收到報告,指控俄羅斯聯邦政府對被拘留者施以酷刑或虐待,而俄國當局對這類指控通常不會認真調查,任加害者消遙法外。

UA: 307/09 Index: MDE 12/033/2009 Issue Date: 13 November 2009


URGENT ACTION:RUSSIAN NATIONAL DETAINED IN EGYPTIbrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev, a 32-year-old Russian man of Ingush ethnicity, has been detained incommunicado in Egypt since 10 November. He is believed to be held by State Security Investigations (SSI) officers in the northern coastal city of Alexandria. Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev is at risk of torture and ill-treatment, and may be at risk of forcible return to Russia.

Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev and his wife, Maret Mankieva, were both detained after they visited the Russian consulate in Alexandria on 10 November to renew Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev’s passport. After they left they were followed by two plainclothes police officers, who allegedly beat Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev, before detaining them both. No arrest warrant was produced, and no explanation was given for the detention. They were initially driven to a police station, before being driven to another police building in Alexandria – probably an SSI detention facility – where they were blindfolded and separated.

The security forces told Maret Mankieva that she and her husband had been under surveillance, and instructed her to take them to her home. She was permitted to see her husband for five minutes before leaving with the security forces; she told Amnesty International that Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev’s legs had been tied up with ropes, he had been handcuffed and that he was bleeding from the head and face. The security forces subsequently searched their home without a warrant and confiscated a number of personal documents. Maret Mankieva was permitted to remain at home after the security forces left, but her husband continued to be detained. Since then, Maret Mankieva has not been permitted to see her husband or pass on his personal belongings to him, and the authorities have not acknowledged holding him. No charges are known to have been brought against him. On 11 November, the Russian Vice-consul told Maret Mankieva that her husband was still detained, but that no one was allowed to see him.

In June at least six Russian nationals were forcibly deported from Egypt, following a wave of arrests in late May of foreign students – including about 35 Russians. Amnesty International is therefore concerned that Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev may be at risk of forcible return to Russia, where he may face arbitrary detention and is at risk of torture and other ill-treatment.

PLEASE WRITE IMMEDIATELY in Arabic, English or your own language:

  • urging the authorities to disclose Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev’s whereabouts immediately, and give him access to lawyers of his choice, consular services, his family and any medical attention he may require;
  • urging the authorities to ensure that he will not be tortured or otherwise ill-treated;
  • calling on the authorities to release Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev immediately and unconditionally, unless he is promptly charged with a recognizably criminal offence and given a fair trial in line with international standards;
  • urging the Ministry of the Interior not to forcibly return Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev or any other Russian nationals, who would be at risk of torture or other ill-treatment if returned to Russia.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 25 DECEMBER 2009 TO:

Minister of the Interior
Habib Ibrahim El Adly
Ministry of the Interior
25 El Sheikh Rihan Street
Bab al-Louk, Cairo, Egypt
Fax: +20 22 796 0682
Email: moi@idsc.gov.eg
Salutation: Dear Minister
   
Prosecutor General
Abd El-Megeed Mahmoud
Dar al-Qadha al-'Ali
Ramses Street, Cairo, Egypt
Fax: +20 22 577 4716
Salutation: Dear Counsellor
   
And copies to:
Deputy Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs for Human Rights
Wael Abu al-Magd
Human Rights and International Humanitarian and Social Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Corniche al-Nil, Cairo,
Egypt
Fax: +20 22 574 9713
   
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives of Egypt accredited to your country.
Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev and Maret Mankieva have been living in Egypt for the last three years. They came in order to escape the harassment they had faced from the authorities in Russia, where Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev was an imam (Muslim cleric). He continued to study Islam while in Egypt and was going to apply for Islamic studies at a university. The Russian consulate in Egypt apparently was unable to renew Ibrahim Zautdinovich Mankiev’s passport, and claimed at the time that they had no information about him in their records.

On 19 June, Russian nationals Maskhud Abdullaev, arrested on 27 May, and Akhmed Azimov, were forcibly returned from Cairo to Moscow, where they were detained by men in plainclothes. While Akhmed Azimov was released after a few hours’ questioning, the whereabouts of Maskhud Abdullaev – whose father is the leader of a Chechen armed group – was unknown until 29 June, when he appeared on Chechen TV and said that he came to Chechnya of his free will “to visit his relatives and to see how life is in Chechnya.” There were doubts, however, whether Maskhud Abdullaev had arrived in Chechnya of his own free will. Human rights organizations expressed fears that Maskhud Abdullaev was being held by the Chechen security services in order to put pressure on his father, and use him for propaganda purposes. Only after intervention by human rights activists was Maskhud Abdullaev able to leave Chechnya and travel to Azerbaijan to join his family (see UA 170/09, EUR 46/017/2009, and follow-ups).

Four other Russians were deported from Egypt on 18 June, detained on arrival in Russia and then released after questioning. Amnesty International regularly receives reports of detainees being tortured or otherwise ill-treated in the Russian Federation, and of the authorities failing to investigate such reports effectively, or bring those responsible to justice.

UA: 307/09 Index: MDE 12/033/2009 Issue Date: 13 November 2009

訴求信下載:

立即行動

將您的聲援信寄至

本系統已提升網路傳輸加密等級,IE8及以下版本將無法支援。為維護網路交易安全性,請升級或更換至右列其他瀏覽器。