敘利亞-英國籍公民遭收押禁見,恐遭刑求

敘利亞-英國籍公民遭收押禁見,恐遭刑求

個案編號:UA 90/09

聲援對象:Maryam Kallis (女),36 歲,英國籍

聲援期間:2009 年 3 月 30 日 – 5 月 11 日 (逾期請先向 AI 秘書處查詢)

自 3 月 15 日起,英國籍公民 Maryam Kallis 遭收押禁見,羈押地點不明,有遭刑求及其他虐待之危險。她無法會見家屬或取得法律協助。

Maryam Kallis 於 3 月 5 日入境敘利亞,與其姐妹同住。她的 3 個孩子也在敘利亞,年齡在 5 到 8 歲之間。3 月 15 日,她和 8 歲的兒子前往首都 Damascus (大馬士革) 的 Rukna al-Din 區時,遭到約 8 到 10 名便衣人員逮捕。這些人將 Maryam Kallis 和她的兒子押回她姐妹的公寓,沒收她和她孩子們的護照,然後將 Maryam 戴上手銬並押走。

Maryam Kallis 與家人於 2002 年 10 月入境敘利亞,學習阿拉伯文。她在 2008 年底返回英國,隨後在 2009 年 3 月再次回到敘利亞,要將她的孩子接回英國。她原先預計在 3 月底返回倫敦。

英國當局已聯絡敘利亞當局,詢問 Maryam Kallis 的羈押地點和被捕的原因,但尚未獲得任何資訊。

背景資訊

在敘利亞拘留所和調查中心裡,刑求是非常普遍的,尤其是在收押禁見的情況下。在敘利亞法庭上,通常採用刑求後所「供認」的罪狀,而從不理會被告遭受刑求的聲明。2008 年,有 7 個人在拘留期間死於刑求或其他虐待。敘利亞當局對刑求的控告通常不進行任何調查。

請儘速寄出信件,表達下列訴求:(可用英文、阿拉伯文、法文或漢文)

  • 表達關切英國籍公民 Maryam Kallis,她自 3 月 15 日遭逮捕,目前遭秘密收押禁見,並詢問她的所在地點。
  • 敦促當局保障 Maryam Kallis 不受刑求。
  • 呼籲當局立即無條件釋放 Maryam Kallis,或儘速透過公平審判以法定合理罪名將其起訴。
  • 提醒當局立即准許 Maryam Kallis 會見辯護律師和家屬,並提供任何她所需要的醫療照護。

請寫信給:

總統
His Excellency Bashar al-Assad
Presidential Palace
Al-Rashid Street
Damascus
Syrian Arab Republic
傳真:+ 963 11 332 3410
稱謂:總統閣下/Your Excellency
內政部長
His Excellency Major General Bassam Abdel Majid
Ministry of Interior
'Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar Street
Damascus
Syrian Arab Republic
傳真:+963 11 2223428
稱謂:部長閣下/Your Excellency
國防部長
His Excellency General Hassan Ali Turkmani
Ministry of Defence
Omayyad Square
Damascus
Syrian Arab Republic
傳真:+963 11 223 7842
稱謂:部長閣下/Your Excellency
司法部長
His Excellency Muhammad al-Ghafari
Ministry of Justice
Al-Nasr Street
Damascus
Syrian Arab Republic
傳真:+963 11 666 2460
稱謂:部長閣下/Your Excellency
副本請寄:敘利亞駐台使館或代表機構。

PUBLIC AI Index: MDE 24/007/2009 30 March 2009
UA 90/09 Fear of torture or other ill-treatment/incommunicado detention
SYRIA Maryam Kallis (f), aged 26, UK nationalUK national Maryam Kallis has been detained incommunicado in an unknown location since 15 March. She is in danger of torture and other ill-treatment. She has not been allowed access to legal counsel or visits from her family.

Maryam Kallis had been in Syria since 5 March, staying with her sister. She had her three children with her, who are between five and eight years old. On 15 March, she was arrested while she was with her eight-year-old son by a group of eight or 10 men in civilian clothes in the Rukna al-Din area of the capital, Damascus. The men took Maryam Kallis and her son back to her sister's apartment, where they confiscated her passport and those of her children, before handcuffing Maryam and taking her away.

She had travelled to Damascus with her family In October 2002, to study Arabic. She went back to the UK in late 2008, and returned to Damascus in March 2009 to collect her children and bring them back to the UK. She was due to return to London at the end of March.

The UK authorities have contacted the Syrian authorities to ask where Maryam Kallis is and why she has been arrested, but have not been provided with any information.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Torture is widespread in Syrian detention and investigation centres, and detainees are in particular danger if they are taken into incommunicado detention. "Confessions" extracted under duress are routinely used as "evidence" in Syrian courts, and the defendants' claims that they have been tortured are almost never investigated. During 2008 seven people died in custody, apparently as a result of torture or other ill-treatment. The authorities generally take no action to investigate torture allegations.

RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible, in English, Arabic, French or your own language:

  • expressing concern that British national Maryam Kallis was detained on 15 March, and is now held incommunicado and in secret, and asking where she is;
  • urging the authorities to ensure that Maryam Kallis is not tortured;
  • calling on them to release Maryam Kallis immediately and unconditionally unless she is charged with a recognizably criminal offence and given a prompt and fair trial;
  • reminding the authorities that Maryam Kallis must be given immediate access to a lawyer of her own choosing, her family and any medical treatment she may require.

APPEALS TO:

President
His Excellency Bashar al-Assad
Presidential Palace
Al-Rashid Street
Damascus
Syrian Arab Republic
Fax: + 963 11 332 3410
Salutation: Your Excellency
Minister of Interior
His Excellency Major General Bassam Abdel Majid
Ministry of Interior
'Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar Street
Damascus
Syrian Arab Republic
Fax: +963 11 2223428
Salutation: Your Excellency
Minister of Defence
His Excellency General Hassan Ali Turkmani
Ministry of Defence
Omayyad Square
Damascus
Syrian Arab Republic
Fax: +963 11 223 7842
Salutation: Your Excellency
Minister of Justice
His Excellency Muhammad al-Ghafari
Ministry of Justice
Al-Nasr Street
Damascus
Syrian Arab Republic
Fax: +963 11 666 2460
Salutation: Your Excellency
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of Syria accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY.
Check with the International Secretariat, or your section office, if sending appeals after 11 May 2009.
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