埃及:青年部落客被捕 恐遭刑虐

埃及:青年部落客被捕 恐遭刑虐

個案編號:UA 45/09

聲援對象:Dia' el Din Gad (男) 23歲

聲援期間:2009年2月18日 - 4月1日(逾期請先向AI秘書處查詢)

部落客 Dia' el Din Gad 是一個大學生。他因為在網路部落格上指責埃及總統穆巴拉克對迦薩走廊的政策,以及批評政府對迦薩巴勒斯坦民眾人道救援的態度,而在2月6日被國家安全調查局 (State Security Investigations, SSI) 逮捕。雖然他的家屬和律師已向內政部和檢察總長提出查詢,埃及當局至今仍未公佈他被羈押的地點。據信他被關在某個秘密處所羈押禁見,在這種狀況下,他很可能受到酷刑。

Dia' el Din Gad 被捕時剛參加完週五祈禱會,回到位於開羅以北 Qotour (靠近Tanta市) 的家中;當他出門接聽一通電話時,國安局人員突然出現將他逮捕。他大聲向母親呼救,但受到毆打並帶走。

Dia' el Din Gad 的母親向國際特赦組織表示,他經常因恐慌發作 (panic attack) 而呼吸困難,並且有一條腿因童年受傷而不能彎曲,以致不良於行。他必須定時服用制恐慌症及其他藥物,而他被捕時並沒有攜帶這些藥品。

Dia' el Din Gad 曾在他的部落格「憤怒之聲」(Sout Ghadeb) 上發表觀點,批評埃及對迦薩的政策--包括限制人道救援經埃及送往迦薩,後來又評論「人民解放埃及運動」(一項由年輕人發起的公民不服從運動) 領袖 Ahmed Doma 於2月4日被捕的事件。他在文章中將埃及總統胡斯尼.穆巴拉克 (Hosni Mubarak) 的名字改為「埃胡德.穆巴拉克」("Ehud Mubarak") 以諷刺他的政策一如以色列國防部長埃胡德.巴拉克 (Ehud Barak) 的翻版。根據當地社運人士表示,在他被捕前幾天,Dia' el Din Gad 曾到開羅參加自由派反對黨所發動的支持迦薩示威活動。

背景資訊

埃及安全部隊近幾個月大肆逮捕批評政府迦薩政策的人士,包括發動示威的穆斯林兄弟會 (Muslim Brotherhood)
數百位成員,以及寫文章批評政府的許多青年部落客與社運人士。最近,埃及裔的德國籍部落客 Philip Rizk 於2月6日參加遊行時被國安局逮捕,拘禁四天。另一位部落客 Mohamed Adel 於11月20日被捕,羈押禁見近一個月後,被控參加非法的反政府團體穆斯林兄弟會 (Muslim Brotherhood) 以及非法出境到迦薩地區。

Ahmed Doma 在2009年2月10日被軍事法庭判處徒刑一年,罰金二千埃幣 (約合台幣一萬三千元),同案被告還包括Ahmed Kamal Abdel Aal。他們二人的罪名都是非法闖越國境到迦薩。Ahmed Doma 可能曾在以軍攻擊迦薩期間進入迦薩走廊,後來返回埃及;Ahmed Kamal Abdel Aal 則可能是在埃及邊境的拉法地區 (Rafah) 被捕,涉嫌意圖闖越國境前往迦薩。2009年2月11日,遭政府停權的勞工黨的秘書長 Magdy Hussein 也以同樣罪名被軍事法庭宣判二年徒刑及五千埃幣罰金 (約合台幣三萬二千元)。

請儘速寫信表達下列訴求:

  • 要求埃及當局立刻公開 Dia' el Din Gad 的下落,准許他會見自己所選擇的律師以及家屬,並取得他可能需要的任何藥品。
  • 要求當局確保他不受酷刑或其他虐待。
  • 要求當局立即無條件釋放 Dia' el Din Gad,否則應立即對他提出具體的刑事控告,因為他是僅因和平行使言論自由權利而被拘禁的良心犯。

請寫信給:

內政部長
收件人:Minister Habib Ibrahim El Adly
地址:Ministry of the Interior
25 Al-Sheikh Rihan Street,
Bab al-Louk,
Cairo, EGYPT
傳真:+20 22 796 0682
電子郵件:moi@idsc.gov.eg
稱謂:部長閣下 (Dear Minister)
 
檢察官
收件人:Counsellor Abdel Meguid Mahmoud
地址:Dar al-Qadha al-'Ali
Ramses Street,
Cairo, EGYPT
傳真:+20 22 577 4716
稱謂:檢察官閣下 (Dear Counselor)
 
副本請寄:
 
外交部人權、人道與社會事務司長
收件人:Wael Abu al-Magd
地址:Human Rights and International Humanitarian and Social Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Corniche al-Nil
Cairo, EGYPT
傳真:+20 22 574 9713

18 February 2009UA 45/09 Incommunicado detention/enforced disappearance/fear of torture/medical concernEGYPT Dia' el Din Gad (m), aged 23

Student blogger Dia' el Din Gad, who has been denouncing President Mubarak for Egypt's policy towards the Gaza Strip and the authorities' attitude to the delivery of humanitarian aid to Palestinians in Gaza, was arrested on 6 February by State Security Investigations (SSI) officers. His whereabouts have still not been disclosed by the Egyptian authorities, despite his family's and lawyer's inquiries to the Ministry of the Interior and the office of the Public prosecutor. He is believed to be held incommunicado in an unknown location, putting him at danger of torture.

Just before his arrest, Dia' el Din Gad had returned to his home in Qotour city near Tanta city (north of Cairo) following the Friday prayer. When he left the house to take a phone call, he was immediately arrested by SSI officers. They beat him as he was screaming to his mother for help and took him away.

Dia' el Din Gad's mother described to Amnesty International how he frequently suffers panic attacks which make it difficult for him to breathe. He also has difficulty walking or bending one of his legs, due to injuries suffered in childhood. He takes painkillers and other medication, which he did not have with him when he was arrested.

Dia' el Din Gad wrote on his blog, Sout Ghadeb (Angry Voice) views criticizing the Egyptian policy regarding Gaza – including the restrictions on humanitarian aid delivered through Egypt to Gaza – and later regarding the 4 February arrest of Ahmed Doma, a leading member of the civil disobedience youth movement, the Popular Movement to Free Egypt (usually known as Ghadeboun – "we are angry"). He also referred to President Hosni Mubarak as "Ehud Mubarak" – in a reference to Israeli Minister of Defence Ehud Barak. According to local activists, a few days before he was arrested, Dia' el Din Gad had taken part in demonstrations organized by the liberal Wafd opposition party in Cairo in solidarity with the people of Gaza.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Egyptian security forces have in the recent months arrested those critical of the government's position with regard to Gaza, including hundreds of members of the Muslim Brotherhood staging protests and many bloggers and youth activists for their writings on Egypt's policy on Gaza. Most recently, Egyptian-German blogger Philip Rizk was arrested by SSI officers on 6 February at a Gaza solidarity march, and held for four days. Another blogger, Mohamed Adel, was arrested on 20 November and detained incommunicado for almost a month. He is now facing charges of belonging to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood opposition group and trying to illegally cross the Egyptian border into Gaza.

Ahmed Doma was sentenced by a military court on 10 February 2009 to one year's imprisonment and a fine of 2,000 Egyptian Pounds (US$365), along with Ahmed Kamal Abdel Aal. Both were convicted of illegally crossing the eastern border of Egypt into Gaza. While Ahmed Doma appears to have entered the Gaza Strip during the Israeli military campaign and returned afterwards, Ahmed Kamal Abdel Aal appears to have been arrested in Rafah, on suspicion of his intention to cross into the Gaza Strip. On 11 February 2009, Magdy Hussein, General Secretary of the suspended Labor party, was sentenced by a military court under the same charge to two years imprisonment and a fine of 5'000 Egyptian pounds (US$912).

RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible:

  • urging the Egyptian authorities to disclose Dia' el Din Gad' whereabouts immediately, and give him access to lawyers of his choice, his family and any medical attention he may require;
  • urging the authorities to ensure that he is not tortured or otherwise ill-treated;
  • urging the authorities to release Dia' el Din Gad immediately and unconditionally, unless he is promptly charged with a recognizably criminal offense, as he appears to be a prisoner of conscience, detained solely for the peaceful exercise of his right to freedom of expression and association.

APPEALS TO:

Minster of Interior
Minister Habib Ibrahim El Adly
Ministry of the Interior
25 Al-Sheikh Rihan Street,
Bab al-Louk,
Cairo, EGYPT
Fax: 011 20 22 796 0682
Email: moi@idsc.gov.eg
Salutation: Dear Minister
 
Public Prosecutor
Counsellor Abdel Meguid Mahmoud
Dar al-Qadha al-'Ali
Ramses Street,
Cairo, EGYPT
Fax: 011 20 22 577 4716
Salutation: Dear Counselor
 
COPIES TO:
 
Director of Human Rights and International Humanitarian and Social Affairs
Wael Abu al-Magd
Human Rights and International Humanitarian and Social Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Corniche al-Nil
Cairo, EGYPT
Fax: 011 20 22 574 9713

PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the AIUSA Urgent Action office if sending appeals after 1 April 2009.


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